FEMINIST CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS TO THE LANGUAGE USE AND DISPLAY IN WHITENING COSMETIC PRODUCT ADVERTISEMENTS
The language used in advertisements can reflect social and cultural perspectives. Specific words and sentences used by a cosmetic company can attract consumers to buy and consume a product. The language can also change people's perspective about life and the way they experience it. Cosmetic products have changed women's perspective toward the standard of beauty. The beauty standard is submitted through the persuasive language and the display of beautiful models in the advertisements. It is a common issue that the concept of being a beautiful woman is to have white and glowing skin. Because of this, women buy and use many whitening products to beautify themselves. The language of advertisement 'colonizes' women and kills the concept of a woman's nature. It subordinates some women who keep their natural looks by not using any whitening products. However, women should be aware of this problem and not be affected by the language of advertisement so that they can accept themselves for who they are. Feminist critical discourse analysis helps this research to analyze and criticize the beauty standard that has been imposed on women through the language. In the end, women's awareness is needed to resist the beauty standard as a gender stereotype constructed by society.
Denmark, F. L. & Paludi, M.A. (2008). Psychology of women: A handbook of issues and theories (2nd ed.). London: Praeger.
Fairclough, N. (2003). Analysing discourse: Textual analysis for social research. London: Routledge.
Foucault, M. (1990). The history of sexuality. Volume I: An introduction. New York: Vintage Books A Division of Random House, Inc.
Gee, J.P. (2011). An introduction to discourse analysis: Theory and method (3rd ed.). NY: Routledge.
Lazar, M.M. (2005). Feminist critical discourse analysis: Gender, power, and ideology in discourse (Ed.). NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
Review Garnier BB Cream [Online Image]. Whitening product. https://www.sweetsharing.com/review-garnier-bb-cream/amp/
Saukko, P. (2003). Doing research in cultural studies: An introduction to classical and new methodological approaches. London: Sage Publications.
Skin care L’OREAL PARIS [Online Image]. Whitening product. https://www.lorealparis.com.my/products/skin-care
Umrigar, K. (2012, October 21). Pond’s white beauty face wash - Radio [Video file]. Youtube. https://youtu.be/bjWlxv3h0U0