Local Wisdom in Designing ESP for Community-Based Tourism Practitioners: A Study of Needs Analysis


  • Lemmuela Alvita Kurniawati Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana
  • Susanti Malasari Universitas Tidar, Magelang, Indonesia




community-based tourism, ESP, local wisdom, needs analysis


The present study aimed to investigate the target needs as well as learning needs of the English for Specific Purposes (henceforth, ESP) training for community-based tourism (henceforth, CBT) practitioners in Meat village, North Sumatera and to investigate the integration of local wisdom in the design of the ESP training for CBT practitioners in Meat village, North Sumatera. Conducted by using mixed methods, this study was carried out involving six CBT practitioners in Meat village. A questionnaire and a focus group discussion were used to gather the data. The data were analyzed descriptively to provide a complete understanding of the research objectives. The findings of the study revealed that the target needs consisted of the participants’ necessities in the ESP training, the participants’ lacks, and the participants’ wants towards the ESP training. In addition to this, learning needs comprised of the content materials, teaching and learning activities, medium of instruction, and time preference of the ESP training. The findings also revealed that local wisdom integrated in the design of the ESP training motivated the participants in learning and was considered providing authentic as well as meaningful learning experiences. The findings of this study provided an implication for ESP material developers and a contribution to studies of ESP for CBT in Indonesian context.


Aditya, N. (2020, October 13). Konsep wisata berbasis komunitas dan wisata tematik budaya, apa Itu? Kompas.Com. https://travel.kompas.com/read/2020/10/13/081800227/konsep-wisata-berbasis-komunitas-dan-wisata-tematik-budaya-apa-itu?page=all

Ali, H. I. H., & Abdalla Salih, A. R. (2013). Perceived views of language teachers on the use of needs analysis in ESP materials writing. English Language Teaching, 6(3), 11–19. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v6n3p11

Alqunayeer, H. S., & Zamir, S. (2016). Needs Analysis of Saudi EFL Female Students: A Case Study of Qassim University. Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, 5(1), 87–104. https://doi.org/10.5430/jct.v5n1p87

Anam, M. M., & Rachmadian, A. (2020). Need analysis of English language usage for Tourism university students. EnJourMe (English Journal of Merdeka): Culture, Language, and Teaching of English, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.26905/enjourme.v5i2.5105

Asmin, A. I., & Hasby, M. (2017). English for tourism based on the local tourist attraction. Proceedings Iconss, 49–52.

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2019). Reflecting on reflexive thematic analysis. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 11(4), 589–597.

Creswell, J. W., & Clark, V. L. P. (2014). Choosing a mixed methods design. In Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research (pp. 53–106). Sage Publications, Inc.

Darmayanti, Besral, & Yustina, L. S. (2021). Developing efl religious characters and local wisdom based efl textbook for islamic higher education. Studies in English Language and Education, 8(1), 157–180. https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v8i1.18263

Dayu, A. T., & Haura, R. (2016). Designing ESP Materials of English Tourism Subject at English Education and Training Program of UNISKA Banjarmasin. The 63rd TEFLIN International Conference 2016, 10–16.

Fetters, M. D., Curry, L. A., & Creswell, J. W. (2013). Achieving integration in mixed methods designs - principles and practices. Health Services Research, 48(6), 2134–2156. https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-6773.12117

Gray, D. E. (2014). Doing research in the real world (3rd edition). SAGE Publications.

Hall, R. (2013). Mixed methods: In search of a paradigm. Conducting Research in a Changing and Challenging World, March, 69–78.

Hamer, W., Evenddy, S. S., Prabowo, J., Rima, R., & Utomo, D. W. (2017). Involving Local Wisdom as Values to Develop English for Tourism Course Material: A Case of Baduy Tribe in Lebak Banten. Journal of English Language Studies, 2(1), 92–107. https://doi.org/10.30870/jels.v2i1.1597

Hutchinson, T., & Waters, A. (1987). English for Specific Purposes: A Learning-Centred Approach. In English for Specific Purposes. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/0889-4906(88)90032-4

Imron, A., Asri, N. A., & Suryadi, S. B. (2022). Development of English teaching module for electrical engineering study program. SAGA Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, 3(1), 69–80.

Lodhi, M. A., Shamim, M., Robab, M., Shahzad, S., & Ashraf, A. (2018). English for doctors: An ESP approach to needs analysis and course design for medical students. International Journal of English Linguistics, 8(5), 205. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijel.v8n5p205

Maarouf, H. (2019). Pragmatism as a supportive paradigm for the Mixed research approach: conceptualizing the ontological, epistemological, and axiological stances of pragmatism. International Business Research, 12(9), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v12n9p1

Masyhud, M., & Khoiriyah, K. (2021). Developing Esp Materials for Tourism Industry in Malang. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 4(3), 446. https://doi.org/10.22460/project.v4i3.p446-456

Muthmainnah, Rahman, A., Atmowardoyo, H., Salija, K., & Asrifan, A. (2020). Literary work as teaching materials: A study of students and lecturers needs analysis. Solid State Technology, 63(5), 394–407. http://solidstatetechnology.us/index.php/JSST/article/view/1510

Namtapi, I. (2022). Needs Analysis of English for Specific Purposes for Tourism Personnel in Ayutthaya. 0672(1).

Nieto, S. (2010). Language, Culture, and Teaching: Critical Perspective. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Nomnian, S., Trupp, A., Niyomthong, W., Tangcharoensathaporn, P., & Charoenkongka, A. (2020). Language and community-based tourism: Use, needs, dependency, and limitations. Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, 13(1), 57–79. https://doi.org/10.14764/10.ASEAS-0029

Onwuegbuzie, A. J., Dickinson, W. B., Leech, N. L., & Zoran, A. G. (2009). A qualitative framework for collecting and analyzing data in focus group research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 8(3), 1–21.

Padmadewi, N. N., Artini, L. P., Ratminingsih, N. M., Utami, I. G. A. L. P., & Marsakawati, N. P. E. (2022). Needs analysis of literacy assessment using blended learning for beginner EFL learners. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 13(2), 441–452. https://doi.org/10.17507/jltr.1302.27

Prachanant, N. (2012). Needs analysis on English language use in tourism industry. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 66, 117–125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.11.253

Pradewo, B. (2020, April 4). Potensi besar, Kemenparekaf kembangkan wisata berbasis komunitas. Jawa Pos. https://www.jawapos.com/wisata-dan-kuliner/04/04/2020/potensi-besar-kemenparekaf-kembangkan-wisata-berbasis-komunitas/

Salisna, R., Harahap, A., & Sofyan, D. (2019). Need analysis of English for tour and travel department of vocational high school in Bengkulu city. JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics & Literature), 4(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.33369/joall.v4i1.6303

Septiana, R., Khairunita, D., Pradini, H., Sukma, F. T., Damayanti, R., & Faculty, T. T. (2021). Integrating local wisdom of piil psenggiri into English. 3(2), 69–75.

Septy, A. P. (2019). Developing local wisdom content as ideal ELT materials for Indonesia in globalization era. Proceedings of The 65th TEFLIN International Conference, 20. https://ojs.unm.ac.id/teflin65/article/view/6289

Suprina, R., & Rahayu, N. (2017). Need analysis on the use of English in travel agencies in Jakarta. Barista: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa Dan Pariwisata, 4(1), 1–13.

Syakur, A., Zainuddin, H. ., & Hasan, M. A. (2020). Needs analysis English for Specific Purposes (ESP) for vocational pharmacy students. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 3(2), 724–733. https://doi.org/10.33258/birle.v3i2.901

Tzotzou, M. (2014). Designing and administering a needs analysis survey to primary school learners about EFL learning: A case study. Preschool and Primary Education, 2, 59. https://doi.org/10.12681/ppej.62

Ulfa, K. (2014). Designing ESP materials for tourism students of Akademi Pariwisata Medan. Pelita Informatika Budi Darma, 2, 2014.

Witchayakawin, P., Aziz, Y. A., Mahomed, A. S. B. B., & Abdullah, N. H. B. (2020). Factors on development of community-based tourism (cbt) in phitsanulok province of Thailand. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(12), 75–85. https://doi.org/10.31838/jcr.07.12.12

Xu, W., & Zammit, K. (2020). Applying thematic analysis to education: A hybrid approach to interpreting data in practitioner research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 19. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/1609406920918810

Yassin, A. A., Razak, N. A., & Maasum, N. R. M. (2019). Investigating the need for computer assisted cooperative learning to improve reading skills among Yemeni University EFL students: A needs analysis study. International Journal of Virtual and Personal Learning Environments, 9(2), 15–31. https://doi.org/10.4018/IJVPLE.2019070102

Zahedpisheh, N., B Abu bakar, Z., & Saffari, N. (2017). English for Tourism and Hospitality Purposes (ETP). English Language Teaching, 10(9), 86. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v10n9p86




How to Cite

Kurniawati, L. A., & Malasari, S. (2022). Local Wisdom in Designing ESP for Community-Based Tourism Practitioners: A Study of Needs Analysis. SAGA: Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, 3(2), 147–162. https://doi.org/10.21460/saga.2022.32.135



Research articles